Chapter 11

Though individuals can file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, this type of bankruptcy is usually entered into by corporations and partnerships.

Chapter 11 is classified as a reorganization bankruptcy because the debtor is typically allowed to propose a plan of reorganization and repayment so that they can keep their business alive while paying creditors over time.

As part of this process the debtor is permitted to postpone all payments on debts so that he or she can reorganize. This type of bankruptcy differs from other more harsh bankruptcy proceedings which usually require all of the debtor’s assets to be sold and to repay creditors at all costs. Chapter 11 gives the person in debt one last change to get their finances in check. The hope is that this person’s business will recover and as a result creditors will be fully repaid.

When a company enters into Chapter 11 bankruptcy the management of the company may continue to operate as they would on a regular day-to-day basis.

Unlike companies affected by other types of bankruptcy, companies who have gone into Chapter 11 may even continue to trade their stocks. This can be a perk for shareholders because they have a chance maintaining their investment if the company is able to reorganize and begin to profit again. The opposite is true with most other types of bankruptcy like Chapter 7. A company that has entered into Chapter 7 will usually go out of business entirely and their stock will generally become worthless.

Even though companies can pull themselves out of Chapter 11 it is still ill-advised to buy stock from these companies because it more often than not will lead to financial loss.

Even when a company emerges from bankruptcy its stockholders may be at risk because often the company’s creditors and bondholders will become the new owners of the existing shares and reorganization will result in any others being cancelled.